Past Events

The Forgotten Army in a World at War: Subhas Bose’s INA and its Effect on Asia’s Independence

India Club and The Institute Of Southeast Asian Studies present

The Forgotten Army in a World at War: Subhas Bose’s INA and its Effect on Asia’s Independence

Date : Sunday, 13 August 2006
Registration : 2 PM
Time : 2:30 PM – 5:15 PM
Venue : RELC Auditorium, RELC International Hotel, 30 Orange Grove Road (off Orchard Road)
Singapore 258352, Tel : (65) 6885 7888

The Indian National Army (INA) was founded in Singapore to free India from British rule. The INA, led by the charismatic Subhas Chandra Bose, raised an army of over 100,000 men and women from Singapore, Malaya, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, India, Burma, and what are now Pakistan and Bangladesh. The INA fought a number of bloody battles with British and American forces on Indian soil in 1944 and in Burma in 1945. The subsequent INA Trials in Delhi’s Red Fort sparked a massive nationalist upsurge, resulting in mutinies in the Royal Indian Navy and Air Force, which convinced Attlee that Britain could no longer hold onto India. It is in this context that it became a crucial link between the wartime destinies of Southeast Asia and South Asia, igniting the search for independence in the region.

The seminar will present views on the INA and its contribution to Asian independence by scholars from India and Southeast Asia. Keynote speakers include Prof. Sugata Bose, Gardiner Professor of History at Harvard University (member of the Bose family), Prasenjit K Basu, Director of Khazanah Nasional and Prof. A Mani together with Prof. P Ramasamy of ISEAS. Reminiscences by surviving INA veterans and a rare documentary depicting the INA at war will also be featured. Prof. Sumantra Bose of the London School of Economics and Mrs. Krishna Bose, former Indian Parliamentarian (members of the Bose family), will also be attending.

Professor SUGATA BOSE is Gardiner Professor of Oceanic History and Affairs at Harvard University. His field of specialization is South Asian and Indian Ocean history. His publications include Modern South Asia: History, Culture, Political Economy (1998) and Peasant Labour and Colonial Capital: Rural Bengal since 1770 (1993). His latest book, A Hundred Horizons, was published by Harvard University Press in April 2006. Prof. Bose will be speaking on “One Man and a World at War: Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, 1941-1945.”

Mr PRASENJIT K. BASU is Director and Chief Economist with Khazanah Nasional and current President of the India Club, Singapore. He was previously Managing Director of Robust Economic Analysis and before that Chief Economist for SE Asia and India at Credit Suisse First Boston. He is also the co-author of India as a new Global Leader (2005). His presentation is titled “The INA: Its Contribution to India’s Independence and Asia’s Resurgence.”

Professor A. MANI is a Visiting Senior Research Fellow at ISEAS and Professor of Asia Pacific Studies at the Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Japan. His interests are ethnicity, migration, and education in Southeast Asia. His publications include Indian Communities in Southeast Asia (1993) and The Changing Status of Tamil Language in Singapore’s Development (1997).

Professor P. RAMASAMY, a Visiting Senior Research Fellow at ISEAS, was Professor of Political Economy at the National University of Malaysia. His interests include colonial labour, the political economy of Indians in Malaysia, and ethnic/nationalist conflicts. Among his publications are Plantation Labour, Unions, Capital, and the State in Peninsular Malaysia (1994) and Lives and Struggles of Plantation Workers in Malaysia (1999).
Prof. Mani and Prof Ramasamy will jointly present “Subhas Chandra Bose and the Indian National Army: A Southeast Asian Perspective.”

This seminar sponsored by Orion Capital Investment and Mezzanine Capital and supported by Singapore Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

Prior registration is required: To register for the seminar write to with the following details by Aug 11th 2006

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